QLD CODE: The evidence and efficacy of carbonation as a sensory enhancement strategy (SES) in dysphagia management

Price (incl GST)
Members Single price $88.00
Non-Members Single price $176.00
Students Single price $66.00

  • Registrations close 24 hours before the expiry date
  • All delegates must be registered to participate in training and be eligible to earn PSR points
  • Registrants choosing the Member class will be contacted if they are not financial SPA members with the option to pay the difference for Non Member registration or cancel and receive a refund.
  • Each person must register - single registration cost is for each individual, not per site.
  • SPA Student members can contact SPA to organise registrations at student member rates


  • Expiry Date: 19 November 2020
  • Duration: 90 minutes
  • Views: 2 views per purchase

Recording Preview

Session Overview:

Aspiration of thin fluids is a common symptom of neurogenic dysphagia and can result in aspiration pneumonia, detrimental patient outcomes and significant increases to health care costs. Aspiration of thin fluids is typically managed using thickened liquids - but this strategy is associated with potentially negative outcomes such as increased pharyngeal residue levels and insufficient liquid intake. Sensory enhancement strategies (SES) include changing temperature, taste or adding chemesthetic agents such as capsaicinoids and carbonation to liquids may provide alternatives to thickening drinks. Early evidence suggests such SES may help to reduce aspiration risk for patients with neurogenic dysphagia. However systematic research is needed to describe which patients SES works for, how to implement strategies and what changes to outcomes can be expected.

Leisa will present her research findings to date which form the content of her thesis including:

  • A review and critical appraisal of current evidence related to carbonation as an SES in dysphagia management
  • Current clinical implementation of SES in Australian VFSS clinics and drivers impacting on selection
  • The efficacy of a specific SES (i.e., carbonated liquids) used within VFSS when evaluated via a recent prospective cohort study. Patient factors that influenced outcomes will also be discussed.
  • Preliminary findings of a cohort study comparing the effervescent behaviour, palatability and taste intensity ratings of noncarbonated and carbonated liquid stimuli used during VFSS will also be discussed.

Participants attending the workshop will have an opportunity to:

  • Discuss specific issues encountered when using carbonation as a SES in their clinical setting
  • Identify future directions required for clinical research related to carbonation as a SES
  • Write your own goals regarding making SES evidence based use in your clinical setting

(It is requested that as part of the event, you allow time to revisit the learning objectives of the workshop and encourage participants to reflect on how they will translate what they have learned in to practice when they return to their practice setting, and to write their own goals / plans for “Facilitating translation to practice”.)

What will I learn? By the end of this workshop, the aim is that you should be able to:

  • Understand current findings and limitations in the evidence related to carbonation as a SES and how this impacts on clinical implementation
  • Identify practical issues and challenges when clinicians use carbonation as a SES in VFSS

Who should attend?

  • Registrants must be speech pathologists.
  • This workshop is relevant for speech pathologists working with an adult clinical population with an interest in dysphagia management, specifically the use of compensatory strategies used to reduce dysphagia symptoms during VFSS.
  • Introductory but would you benefit from dysphagia experience as it is assumed that you have knowledge and skills in dysphagia management 
  • This event is suitable for speech pathology students who have completed relevant lectures/clinics that have been involved dysphagia management.

What do I need to read beforehand?

  • There are no recommended pre-readings.

CPD Points awarded: 1.5 PSR points


Leisa  Turkington Leisa Turkington
BAppSci(Speech Pathology), MSPA, CPSP
University of Queensland & Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital